Cancer is a complex and too often devastating disease.  Even with modern medicine’s latest techniques and most powerful tools for diagnosis and treatment, nothing compares to preventing it in the first place.  Cancer involves abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.   Oncology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.  An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer patients with chemotherapy, immunotherapy and hormone therapy.

An outrageous 323,630 men died from cancer in 2018 in the US.  It is unfortunate that half of these cases were due to prostate cancer, lung cancer and colorectal cancer.  Cancer mortality is higher among men as compared to women.  Since one third of men in the US will be diagnosed with cancer sometime in their lifetime, preventative measures should be discussed.  Here are the following ways men can reduce their risk of cancer.

Quit Tobacco Use

People who smoke are at greatest risk of lung cancer.  People who never smoked can also get lung cancer.  Smoking can cause cancer and then stop your body from fighting it.  Poison in the cigarette smoke may weaken the immune system.  This makes it harder to kill the cancer cells.  Smoking can cause cancer anywhere in the body including in the blood, bladder, colon, esophagus, kidney, larynx, liver, lungs, mouth, pancreas and stomach.  Chewing tobacco causes cancers of the esophagus, mouth & throat and pancreas.

Cigarette smoking causes more than a dozen types of cancer.  Discuss with your doctor on how you can quit it.  Your heart rate and blood pressure drop 20 minutes after quitting tobacco use.  Your shortness of breath and coughing reduce 1 to 9 months after quitting too.  Circulation improves and there is an improvement in the lung function in just a few weeks after quitting.  Your risk of coronary heart disease is of a non-smoker’s 15 years after quitting.  The life expectancy for smokers is 10 years less than that of non-smokers.  The younger you quit the greater the reduction in health risks.

Cut Back on Alcohol

Heavy drinking causes health issues.  Alcohol consumption can be classified into three broad categories.  Moderate drinking is the equivalent of 2 drinks per day for men.  Heavy drinking is equal to 4 or more drinks for men.  Binge drinking is considered 5 or more drinks in one sitting.  The more alcohol you drink over time, the higher your risk of developing cancer.  It may cause head and neck cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer or colorectal cancer.  It also increases the risk of melanoma, prostate and pancreatic cancers.  People who use both tobacco and alcohol are at much higher risk of developing cancers of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx and esophagus than if you were to consume only one of them.  In general, the more alcohol you drink, the greater your risk of cancer becomes.

Get a Cancer Screening Test Done

Screenings find diseases early.  Early detection makes the disease easier to treat.  Tests required are based on age and risk factors.  Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men after skin cancer.  Screening tests find it early.  The Government guides against the routine use of the PSA test.  Discussions with a doctor about the pros and cons of the PSA test is recommended.  Discussions should be held at the age of 50 for men at average risk.  They should be conducted at the age of 45 for men at high risk.  And at the age of 40 for men with a strong family history of prostate cancer. 

Online doctor consultations can give you a second opinion from the comfort of your own home.  They can review your records and send you a report as well.  You can present your health concerns in an online doctor consultation and receive recommendations on your symptoms.


One third of deaths caused by cancer are due to obesity.  Exercise can help prevent cancer.  One hour of moderate exercise or thirty minutes of vigorous activity is recommended to reduce your risk of cancer.  You can reach a moderate level of activity by walking for thirty minutes during lunch break, five days a week.  Physical activity may lower cancer risk by maintaining the weight of an individual.  Health professionals encourage individuals to adopt a physically active lifestyle. 

Physical activity is required to maintain a balance between the number of calories consumed and the number of calories used.  Consistently burning less calories than the amount you consumed results in obesity.  Sitting in front of the television or just lying down for long periods of time is a risk factor for developing cancer. 

Virtual Consultation

Instead of sitting in the waiting room for a long period of time or traveling in traffic, rather than searching your own symptoms on the internet, you can consult an online doctor through healthcare portal.  The doctor will explain your diagnosis, your health condition, treatment plan and prescribe medication.  The online doctor will send the prescription to a pharmacy near you and you can pick it up at your earliest convenience.  The consultation itself is affordable and cost effective. Contact your online doctor for a professional diagnosis or second opinion today.

OutSquare MD © 2019. All rights reserved.